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Eutrophication: are mayflies (Ephemeroptera) good bioindicators for ponds? / MENETREY, N. (2008)
Titre : Eutrophication: are mayflies (Ephemeroptera) good bioindicators for ponds? Type de document : texte imprimé Auteurs : N. MENETREY ; B. OERTLI ; M. Sartori ; A. Wagner ; J. B. Lachavanne Année de publication : 2008 Article en page(s) : pp 125-135 Catégories : Ecoplanète
Ephémère ; Ephemeroptera ; Eutrophication ; EUTROPHISATION ; macroinvertebrates
Résumé : Ephemeroptera larvae are recognized worldwide for their sensitivity to oxygen depletion in running waters, and are therefore commonly used as bioindicators in many monitoring programmes. Mayflies inhabiting lentic waters, like lakes and ponds, in contrary have been poorly prospected in biomonitoring. For this purpose, a better understanding of their distribution in lentic habitats and of the relations of species presence with environmental conditions are needed. Within this framework, 104 ponds were sampled in Switzerland. The Ephemeroptera are found to be an insect order particularly well represented in the ponds studied here (93% of the lowland ponds). Nevertheless, in terms of diversity, they are relatively poorly represented (mean species number = 1.9). Two species dominated: Cloeon dipterum (Baetidae) and Caenis horaria (Caenidae). The investigations contributed to the updating of the geographical distribution of the species in Switzerland, as many of the observations appear to be from new localities. The trophic state of ponds appears here to be important for Ephemeroptera communities. First, there is a negative relationship between total phosphorus (TP) concentrations and species richness. Second, the presence of Caenis horaria or Cloeon dipterum is dependent on the trophic state. Caenis horaria is most closely associated with low levels of TP concentrations, while Cloeon dipterum appears to be less sensitive, and is most frequently found in hypertrophic conditions. A probable consequence of these relations, is that Baetidae are always present when Caenidae are also present. Contrastingly, Baetidae is observed as the only mayflies family present in several ponds.
in Hydrobiologia > n°597 (2008) . - pp 125-135[article]